物理海洋学
李元龙,研究员,1983年生,博士生导师。专业为物理海洋学,主要从事印度洋海洋环流与气候变化方向的研究。2012年获中国科学院海洋研究所物理海洋学博士学位;2012-2017年就职于科罗拉多大学大气海洋科学系,任博士后科研助理; 2019年获得山东省自然科学一等奖(排名第二);2020年获得山东省杰出青年基金项目。在JPO、JC、GRL、JGR等物理海洋学权威期刊共发表论文70多篇,其中第一/通讯作者论文30多篇。
一、研究领域  
1. 印度洋温盐变化及海气相互作用  
2. 海洋水团和气候变化 
二、招生专业及方向
专业:物理海洋学
方向:海洋环流动力学、海洋水团、海气相互作用   
三、研究室及联系方式       
研究室:海洋环流与波动重点实验室
邮箱:liyuanlong@qdio.ac.cn
办公电话:82893903
四、承担的主要科研项目
1.科技部重点研发专项课题:三大洋相互作用的“海洋通道”过程机制,2019-2024,在研,主持
2.山东省杰出青年基金项目:印度洋温盐变化,2021-2023,在研,主持
3.国家自然科学基金面上项目:东南印度洋海温长期变化及其对“海洋热浪”事件的影响,2018-2021,在研,主持
4.国家自然科学基金青年项目:副热带东南印度洋年代变异及其气候效应,2019-2021,在研,主持
5.中科院海洋大科学研究中心重点部署项目:印度洋中层水团长期变化:物理海洋与古气候学联合研究,2019-2022,在研,主持
6.中组部QR计划青年项目:环境与地球科学, 2018-2021,在研,主持
7.美国航空航天局海洋盐度研究项目:Intraseasonal salinity variability in the western tropical Pacific Ocean investigated with Aquarius measurements and OGCM experiments,2014-2017,已结题,主持
五、研究成果及奖励         
近年来主要从事印度洋海洋环流与气候变化方向的研究,聚焦印度洋的年代际和季节内温盐变异,在变异特征、物理机制和气候效应等方面取得了一系列成果。主要科学发现:1)揭示了印度洋热含量的年代际振荡特征及其三维结构,指明了印尼贯穿流的重要作用,系统阐释了其振荡机理;2)发现了东南印度洋的热量集聚现象,指出了其对“海洋热浪”和澳洲洪涝灾害的促进作用;3)探明了调控热带印度洋海温和盐度季节内变异的关键过程,提出了南亚季风季节内振荡的海气耦合理论模型;4)发现了孟加拉湾盐度对南亚季风季节内振荡的影响,阐释了盐度通过改变海洋层结影响季风变异事件发展的完整过程。
获得科技奖励情况:
1.      2019年山东省自然科学一等奖,“热带西太平洋暖池热盐结构与变异的关键过程和气候效应”,完成人:王凡、李元龙、杨光、郑飞、张文君。
2.      2017 年获得中国科学院杰出科技成就奖,“热带西边界流集体”,在主要完成人中排名第九。
六、代表性论文及著作
1. Duan, J., Li, Y.*, Wang F., Hu, A., Han, W., Zhang, L., Lin, P., Rosenbloom, N., Meehl, G. A. 2021: Rapid Sea-Level Rise in the Southern-Hemisphere Subtropical Oceans. Journal of Climate, accepted, JCLI-D-21-0248
2. Guo, Y., Li, Y.*, Wang, F., & Wei, Y., 2021: Ocean Salinity Aspects of the Ningaloo Niño, Journal of Climate, 34(15), 6141-6161. https://dio.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0890.1  
3. Liu, L.-L., Li, Y.*, & Wang, F. 2021: MJO-induced Intraseasonal Mixed Layer Depth Variability in the Equatorial Indian Ocean and Impacts on Subsurface Water Obduction. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 51(4), 1247-1263. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-20-0179.1
4. Li, Y.*, Han, W., Wang, F., Zhang, L., & Duan, J., 2020: Vertical Structure of the Upper Indian Ocean Thermal Variability. Journal of Climate, 33 (17), 7233–7253, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0851.1 
5. Guo, Y., Li, Y.*, Wang, F., Wei, Y., & Xia, Q., 2020: Importance of Resolving Mesoscale Eddies in the Model Simulation of Ningaloo Niño, Geophysical Research Letters, 47(14), e2020GL087998, https://doi.org/ 10.1029/2020GL087998
6. Guo, Y., Li, Y.*, Wang, F., Wei, Y., & Rong, Z., 2020: Processes Controlling Sea Surface Temperature Variability of Ningaloo Niño, Journal of Climate, 33(10), 4369-4389, https://dio.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0698.1
7. Duan, J., Li, Y.*, Zhang, L., & Wang, F., 2020: Impacts of the Indian Ocean Dipole on Sea Level and Gyre Circulation of the Western Tropical Pacific Ocean, Journal of Climate, 33, 4207-4288, https://dio.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0782.1
8. Li, Y.*, Han, W., Zhang, L., & Wang, F. (2019). Decadal SST Variability in the Southeast Indian Ocean and Its Impact on Regional Climate. Journal of Climate, 49, 6001-6022, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0180.1. 
9. Duan, J., Li, Y.*, Wang, F., & Chen, Z. (2019). Multidecadal change of the Mindanao Current: Is there a robust trend? Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 6755–6764, https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL083090.
10. Duan, J., Li, Y., Wang, F., & Chen, Z. H. 2019: Decadal Variations of the Mindanao Current During 1960-2010. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 124(4), 2660-2678.
11. Li, Y.*, Han, W., Hu, A., Meehl, G. A., & Wang, F. (2018). Multidecadal Changes of the Upper Indian Ocean Heat Content during 1965–2016. Journal of Climate, 31(19), 7863-7884. 
12. Li, Y.*, W. Han, W. Wang, L. Zhang, and M. Ravichandran (2018). The Indian Summer Monsoon Intraseasonal Oscillations in CFSv2 Forecasts: Biases and Importance of Improving Air–Sea Interaction Processes. Journal of Climate, 31, 5351-5370.
13. Song, L., Li, Y.*, Wang, F., Wang, J., and Liu, C. (2018). Subsurface structure and variability of the zonal currents in the northwestern tropical Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Res., Part I, 141, 11-23.
14. Li, Y.*, Han, W., & Zhang, L. (2017). Enhanced Decadal Warming of the Southeast Indian Ocean During the Recent Global Surface Warming Slowdown. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(19), 9876-9884. 
15. Li, Y.*, Han, W., Ravichandran, M., Wang, W., Shinoda, T., & Lee, T. (2017). Bay of Bengal salinity stratification and Indian summer monsoon intraseasonal oscillation: 1. Intraseasonal variability and causes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122(5), 4291-4311. 
16. Li, Y.*, Han, W., Wang, W., Ravichandran, M., Lee, T., & Shinoda, T. (2017). Bay of Bengal salinity stratification and Indian summer monsoon intraseasonal oscillation: 2. Impact on SST and convection. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122(5), 4312-4328.
17. Li, Y.*, Han, W., Wang, W., & Ravichandran, M. (2016). Intraseasonal Variability of SST and Precipitation in the Arabian Sea during the Indian Summer Monsoon: Impact of Ocean Mixed Layer Depth. Journal of Climate, 29(21), 7889-7910.
18. Li, Y.*, & Han, W. (2016). Causes for intraseasonal sea surface salinity variability in the western tropical Pacific Ocean and its seasonality. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(1), 85-103.
19. Li, Y.*, & Han, W. (2015). Decadal Sea Level Variations in the Indian Ocean Investigated with HYCOM: Roles of Climate Modes, Ocean Internal Variability, and Stochastic Wind Forcing. Journal of Climate, 28(23), 9143-9165.
20. Li, Y.*, Han, W., & Lee, T. (2015). Intraseasonal sea surface salinity variability in the equatorial Indo-Pacific Ocean induced by Madden-Julian oscillations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(3), 2233-2258.
21. Li, Y., & Wang, F. (2015). Thermocline spiciness variations in the tropical Indian ocean observed during 2003–2014. Deep-Sea Res, Part I, 97, 52–66.
22. Li, Y.*, Han, W., Wilkin, J. L., Zhang, W. G., Arango, H., Zavala-Garay, J., . . . Castruccio, F. S. (2014). Interannual variability of the surface summertime eastward jet in the South China Sea. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119(10), 7205-7228.
23. Li, Y.*, Han, W., Shinoda, T., Wang, C., Ravichandran, M., & Wang, J.-W. (2014). Revisiting the Wintertime Intraseasonal SST Variability in the Tropical South Indian Ocean: Impact of the Ocean Interannual Variation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44(7), 1886-1907.
24. Li, Y.*, Han, W., Shinoda, T., Wang, C., Lien, R. C., Moum, J. N., & Wang, J. W. (2013). Effects of the diurnal cycle in solar radiation on the tropical Indian Ocean mixed layer variability during wintertime Madden-Julian Oscillations. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118(10), 4945-4964, doi:4910.1002/jgrc.20395.
25. Li, Y., F. Wang and W. Han. (2013). Interannual sea surface salinity variations observed in the tropical North Pacific Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 2194–2199, doi:2110.1002/grl.50429. 
26. Li, Y., Wang, F., & Tang, X. (2013). Spatial-temporal variability of thermohaline intrusions in the northwestern tropical Pacific Ocean. Science Bulletin, 58(9), 1038-1043.
27. Li, Y., & Wang, F. (2013). Thermohaline intrusions in the thermocline of the western tropical Pacific Ocean. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 32(7), 47-56.
28. Li, Y., Wang, F., & Zhai, F. (2012). Interannual Variations of Subsurface Spiciness in the Philippine Sea: Observations and Mechanism. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42(6), 1022-1038. doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-06.1
29. Li, Y., & Wang, F. (2012). Spreading and salinity change of North Pacific Tropical Water in the Philippine Sea. J. Oceanogr., 68, 439-452.
30. Li, Y., Wang, F., & Sun, Y. (2012). Low-Frequency spiciness variations in the tropical Pacific Ocean observed during 2003-2012. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L23601, doi:10.1029/2012GL053971. 
31. 李元龙; 王凡*; 唐晓晖. 热带西北太平洋热盐入侵的时空变化,科学通报, 2012, (20): 1936.   
32. 王凡, 李元龙, 刘传玉. 热带太平洋暖池-冷舌系统如何和在多大程度上相应及影响不同尺度气候变异?《10000个科学难题:海洋科学卷》, 2018年4月,科学出版社