海洋生态学

张清春,男,研究员,硕士生导师。本科毕业于兰州大学生物化学专业,在中国科学院大学(海洋研究所)分别获得海洋生物学硕士学位和环境科学博士学位。从事近海有害藻华研究,主要聚焦于利用和发展分子生物学技术和方法手段研究我国近海藻华藻华物种多样性和种下遗传分化,研发藻种特异性分子检测和定量方法,揭示我国近海藻华发生动态、发生机理和生态效应,为藻华发生机制阐明和监测防控提供科学依据和技术支持。

一、研究领域

有害藻华分子生态学

二、招生专业及方向

海洋生态学专业,海洋生态安全方向

环境科学专业,海洋环境生物学方向

环境工程,海洋环境工程

三、研究室及联系方式

中国科学院海洋生态与环境重点实验室,Tel0532-82898746Mobile18661926050Emailqczhang@qdio.ac.cn

四、承担的主要科研项目

1.国家自然科学基金面上项目:球形棕囊藻分型的分子表征及其在我国沿海藻华动态研究中的应用 (2021.01-2024.12)

2.国家自然科学基金面上项目:抑食金球藻在我国近海褐潮形成中的生态适应策略 (2016.01-2019.12, 直接经费74万;

3.国家自然科学基金面上项目:秦皇岛褐潮原因种的鉴定及其兼性营养特征研究 (2013.01-2016.12)

4.国家科技基础资源调查课题:我国近海有毒有害藻类基础生物学特征调查 (2019.01-2023.12)

5.国家重点研发专项子课题:秦皇岛海域生态灾害多发原因及监测预警系统研究 (2019.08-2021.12)

五、研究成果及奖励

首次提出我国近海可形成厘米大小囊体的球形棕囊藻赤潮是由独特巨囊生态型引发的科学认识,解开了东南亚海域球形棕囊藻巨囊形成是内因还是外因决定的谜底。建立巨囊生态型特异性分子定量技术,揭示北部湾藻华动态过程,发现不同早期来源的球形棕囊藻决定着赤潮空间分布特征。成果被《中国科学报》和院英文网站等报道。

揭示产毒特征独特的链状亚历山大藻是造成秦皇岛居民连年食用贝类麻痹性贝毒中毒的肇事种,揭示了其赤潮来源、动态过程及对贝类染毒的影响。国家和地方政府部门认为研究成果对指导开展该藻赤潮和藻毒素监测预警具有重要的应用价值。制定了《秦皇岛近海链状亚历山大藻赤潮毒素监测预警指标体系和方案》以及《秦皇岛近海赤潮藻毒素中毒风险评估与应急监测方案》,被地方政府采纳应用。

首次报道我国暴发抑食金球藻(Aureococcus anophagefferens)褐潮,引起了科学界和媒体高度关注,被中国科学报、新华社中英文版和China Daily报道,被Nature在线以"China third country to be hit by brown tide"为标题评论,在我国掀起褐潮研究热,研究成果在国际重要刊物Harmful Algae发表,引用次数为我国褐潮论文之最。研发特异性分子定量方法,解析褐潮动态和年际变异,发现藻种源地,海域独特营养盐组成是关键环境因子,揭示褐潮发生海洋学和海洋学机制。

首次发现苏北附生浒苔与黄海漂浮浒苔为同一生态型,为绿潮溯源提供直接分子证据。创新发展了浒苔荧光原位杂交技术,阐明了黄海绿潮发展的生态学过程。首次揭示了黄海绿潮沉降区浮游植物群落独特的变化特征与机理,成果发表于国际环境领域著名刊物Environmental Science & Technology (中科院1, Nature-index, IF 11.357)上,同行评议专家认为该研究立意新颖,对于深入认识绿潮的生态效应具有重要意义

六、代表性论文及著作

1.Zhao, J.Y.#, Geng, H.X.#, Zhang Q.C.*, Li, Y.F., Kong, F.Z.,Yan, T., Zhou, M.J., Yang,   D.Z., Yuan, Y.Y., Yu, R.C.*, 2022. Green Tides in the Yellow Sea Promoted the Proliferation of Pelagophyte Aureococcus anophagefferens. Environmental Science & Technology, 56 (5): 3056-3064. (中科院1, Nature-index, JCR1, IF 11.357, Top),

2.Zhang Q.C., Wang, Y.F., Song, M.J., Wang, J.X., Ji, N.J., Liu, C., Kong, F.Z., Yan, T., Yu, R.C.*, First record of a Takayama bloom in Haizhou Bay in response to dissolved organic nitrogen and phosphorus. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 178(2):113572 (JCR1, IF 7.001, Top)

3.Zhang Q.C., Liu, C., Wang, J.X., Kong, F.Z., Niu, Z., Xiang, L., Yu, R.C.*, 2022. Intense blooms of Phaeocystis globosa in the South China Sea are caused by a unique “giant-colony” ecotype. Harmful Algae, 114(2022) 102227. (JCR1, IF 5.905, Top)

4.Tang W.J., Lin Z.R., Zhang Q.C.*, Geng H.X., Sun H.X., Yu R.C.*, 2022. Dynamics of Alexandrium catenella and A. pacificum blooms and toxin accumulation in shellfish along the coast of Qinhuangdao, China. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 183 (2022) 1140580025 (JCR1, IF 7.001, Top)

5.Zhang W.Q.#, Zhang Q.C.#, Smith K.F., Qiu L.M.*, Liu C., Yin X.T., Liu Q., 2022. Development of specific DNA barcodes for the Dinophyceae family Kareniaceae and their application in the South China Sea. Frontiers in marine science, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2022.851605 (JCR1, IF 5.247, Top)

6.Zhang, Q.C., Yu, R.C.*, Zhao, J.Y., Kong, F.Z., Chen, Z.F., Niu Z., Xiang, L., 2021. Distribution of Aureococcus anophagefferens in relation to environmental factors and implications for brown tide seed sources in Qinhuangdao coastal waters, China. Harmful Algae, 109 (2020), 102105 (JCR1, IF 5.905, Top)

7.Zhuang Niu#, Chao Liu#, Qing-Chun Zhang*, Jin-Xiu Wang, Fan-Zhou Kong, Xiao-Kun Hu, Ren-Cheng Yu, 2021. Development of sensitive genotype-specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction methods for detection of Phaeocystis globosa in the South China Sea. Limnology and oceanography: methods. doi: 10.1002/lom3.10476 (JCR1, IF 3.162)

8.Zhang, Q.C., Chen, Z.F., Zhao, J.Y., Yu, R.C.*, Qiu, L.M., Kong, F.Z., Wang, Y.F., Yan, T., Zhou, M.J., 2020. Development of a sensitive qPCR method for the detection of pelagophyte Aureococcus anophagefferens. Limnology and oceanography-methods, 18(2), 41-51. (JCR1, IF 3.162)

9.Zhen-Fan Chen, Qing-Chun Zhang⁎, Fan-Zhou Kong, Yang Liu, Yue Zhao, Zheng-Xi Zhou, Hui-Xia Geng, Li Dai, Ming-Jiang Zhou, Ren-Cheng Yu⁎, 2019. Resolving phytoplankton taxa based on high-throughput sequencing during brown tides in the Bohai Sea, China. Harmful Algae, 84: 127-138. (JCR1, IF 5.905, Top)

10.Qing-Chun Zhang, Ren-Cheng Yu*, Zhen-Fan Chen, Li-Mei Qiu, Yun-Feng Wang, Fan-Zhou Kong, Hui-Xia Geng, Yue Zhao, Peng Jiang, Tian Yan, Ming-Jiang Zhou, 2018. Genetic evidence in tracking the origin of Ulva prolifera blooms in the Yellow Sea, China. Harmful Algae, 78:86-94. (JCR1, IF 5.905, Top)

11.Zhang Q.C., Liu Q., Kang Z.J., Yu R.C.*, Yan T., Zhou M.J., 2015. Development of a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method for rapid detection of Ulva prolifera. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 163: 103-111. (JCR1, IF 3.229)

12.Zhang Q.C., Liu Q., Kang Z.J., Yu R.C.*, Kang, Z.J., Guo W., Ding, Y.M., Chen J.H., Wang Y.F., Li Y., Yan T., Zhou M.J., 2015. Application of a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method to study green tides in the Yellow Sea. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 163: 112-119. (JCR1, IF 3.229)

13.Zhang Q.C., Song J.J., Yu R.C.*, Yan T., Wang Y.F., Kong F.Z., Zhou M.J., 2013. Roles of mixotrophy in blooms of different dinoflagellates: Implications from the growth experiment. Harmful Algae, 30: 10-26. (JCR1, IF 5.905, Top)

14.Zhang Q.C., Qiu L.M., Yu R.C., Kong F.Z., Wang Y.F., Yan T, Gobler C.J., Zhou M.J., 2012. Emergence of brown tides caused by Aureococcus anophagefferens Hargraves et Sieburth in China. Harmful Algae, 19: 117–124. (JCR1, IF 5.905, Top)