环境科学
宋秀贤,女,理学博士,现任中国科学院海洋研究所研究员、博士生导师、中国科学院大学岗位教授,青岛海洋科学与技术(试点)国家实验室科研骨干成员。兼任中国海洋湖沼学会水环境分会理事、中国海洋学会海洋环境科学分会委员、山东省环境科学学会理事、国际有害藻类研究会(ISSHA)会员等职。
主要从事海洋环境富营养化、有害赤潮防控原理和方法以及赤潮治理生态环境效应等方面的研究。作为团队核心成员,研发的改性粘土技术成功应用于我国沿海20多个水域有害赤潮的应急治理;2017年该技术成为我国为数不多、走出国门的环保技术,被誉为“中国制造的赤潮灭火器”。除此之外,在国内率先系统开展了海洋环境中磷的新形态—磷化氢形成机制、释放通量及其对海洋微藻影响与作用机制的研究,取得一系列研究成果。至今已培养博士和硕士研究生30多名;多次应邀赴美国、澳大利亚、希腊、香港、台湾等地开展合作研究和学术交流。
一、研究领域
近海富营养化与有害藻华发防控等
二、招生专业及方向
环境科学:海洋环境化学
海洋生态学:海洋生态安全,海洋环境保护与污染治理
三、联系方式
中国科学院海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室
Email: songxx@qdio.ac.cn
电话:0532-82898587
四、承担的主要科研项目
先后主持了包括国家重点研发计划和973项目的课题、国家自然科学基金、中科院战略先导专项子课题以及地方政府委托项目等20多项。承担的主要项目如下:
1. 国家自然科学基金“改性粘土治理赤潮方法对典型甲藻产毒能力及藻毒素归宿的影响研究”(41976148),2020/01-2023/12。
2. 山东省重大科技创新工程“赤潮治理新型功能材料的研发与示范应用”(2019JZZ010808),2019/11-2021/12。
3. 国家重点研发计划“我国近海致灾赤潮形成机理、监测预测及评估防治技术”第6课题“典型致灾赤潮的防控和应急处置技术与装备” (2017YFC1404300),2017/07-2021/06。
4. 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(海洋专项,A类)项目二“黑潮及其变异对中国近海生态系统的影响”—重点任务“近海生态灾害成因分析与应对措施—黑潮作用下的黄、东海化学环境演变”(XDA11020302/ XDA11020601),2013/07-2018/06。
5. 企业委托项目(中广核项目)“海生物暴发特点及海生物消杀措施研究课题技术服务合同” (045-DC-B-2017-C84-P.B.10-00480),2016-2018。
6. 国家自然科学基金“改性粘土治理有害藻华的生态环境效应研究” (41276115),2013/01-2016/12。
7. 国家海洋局公益项目“山东半岛蓝色经济区”建设的海洋空间布局优化技术体系及决策服务系统应用示范—课题“基于生态环境承载力的海陆空间布局优化技术” (201205001),2012/01-2015/12。
8. 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)“我国近海藻华灾害演变机制与生态安全”第6课题“我国近海藻华灾害减灾对策与富营养化调控机理” (2010CB428706),2010/01-2014/08。
9. 国家自然科学基金“新形态磷化物—磷化氢对海洋微藻的影响与作用机制研究”(30970522),2010/01-2012/12。
10.国家自然科学基金“磷的新形态—磷化氢在海洋沉积物中的释放通量和转化机制研究”( 40576058),2006/01-2008/12。
11.国家重点基础研究项目(973项目)“我国近海有害赤潮发生的生态学、海洋学机制及预测防治”第1课题“我国赤潮高发区赤潮生物多样性及其种群分布特征”(2001CB409701),2002/04-2007/03。
12.国家自然科学基金“海洋沉积物中基质结合态磷化氢(PH3)形成机制及其效应研究”(20177024),2002/01-2004/12。
五、研究成果及奖励
作为团队主要成员,迄今已获得国家和省部级奖励10项,具体情况如下:
1. 2019年度国家技术发明奖(二等奖),“近海赤潮灾害应急处置关键技术与方法”,排名第3/6
2. 2018年度中国专利奖(优秀奖),“一种提高PAC改性粘土消除海洋褐潮效率的方法“,排名第4/5
3. 2017年度山东省专利奖(一等奖), “一种提高PAC改性粘土消除海洋褐潮效率的方法”,排名第4/5
4. 2015年度海洋工程科学技术奖(技术发明一等奖),“我国近海有害藻华应急处置技术与工程化应用”,排名第3/15
5. 2010年国家海洋局海洋创新成果奖(二等奖),“长江口海域富营养化特点、形成机制及对策研究”,排名第5/10
6. 2007年度山东省技术发明奖(二等奖),“改性粘土治理有害藻华的技术与应用”,排名第2/4
7. 2007年度山东省科技进步奖(一等奖),“我国近海有害赤潮发生的生态学、海洋学机制及预测防治” ,排名第8/12
8. 2005年度国家海洋局创新成果奖(二等奖),“典型海域有害赤潮生态学与海洋学研究”,排名第8/10
9. 2004年度国家海洋局创新成果奖(二等奖),“改性粘土体系治理有害赤潮的机制研究”,排名第2/6
10.2003年度青岛市自然科学奖(二等奖),“改性粘土体系治理有害赤潮的机制研究”,排名第2/5
六、代表性论文及著
研究成果分别在Environmental Science & Technology, Chemosphere,Marine Chemistry,Progress in Oceanography,Harmful Algae, Journal of Geophysical Research (Oceans),Aquaculture,Marine Pollution Bulletin等国内外学术期刊上发表论文170余篇(其中SCI收录80多篇);获得国家发明专利10余项、参与编写出版专著2部。代表性论文如下:
1. Lianbao Chi, Xiuxian Song*, Yongquan Yuan,Wentao Wang,Xihua Cao,Zaixing Wu, Zhiming Yu*, Main factors dominating the development, formation and dissipation of hypoxia off the Changjiang Estuary (CE) and its adjacent waters, China. Environmental Pollution, 2020,265:115066.
2. LI Jing, SONG Xiuxian*, FAN Xin, YU Zhiming. Flocculation of Ulva microscopic propagules using modified clay: a mesocosm experiment,Journal of Oceanology and Liminology, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00343-020-9348-6
3. Jing Li, Xiuxian Song*, Yue Zhang, Xin Xu, Zhiming Yu. Effect of modified clay on the transition of paralytic shellfish toxins within the bay scallop Argopecten irradians and sediments in laboratory trials, Aquaculture, 2019, 505: 112-117.
4. ZHANG Yue, SONG Xiuxian*, YU Zhiming, ZHANG Peipei, CAO Xihua, YUAN Yongquan, 2019. Impact assessment of modified clay on embryo-larval stages of turbot Scophthalmus maximus L, Journal of Oceanology and Liminology, 2019, 37(3):1051-1061. 
5. Peng Zhou, Xiuxian Song*, Yongquan Yuan, Wentao Wang, Lianbao Chi, Xihua Cao, Zhiming Yu*. Intrusion of the Kuroshio Subsurface Water in the southern East China Sea and its variation during different years traced by dissolved inorganic iodine species, Progress in Oceanography, 2018, 165: 287-298. 
6. Peng Zhou, Xiuxian Song*, Yongquan Yuan, Xihua Cao, Wentao Wang, Lianbao Chi, Zhiming Yu*. Water mass analysis of the East China Sea and interannual variation of Kuroshio Subsurface Water intrusion through an Optimum Multiparameter method, J. Geophys. Res: Oceans, 2018, 123(5):3723-3738.
7. Yue Zhang, Zhiming Yu, Xiuxian Song*, Yongquan Yuan, Xihua Cao. Effects of modified clay used for the control of harmful algal blooms on Alexandrium pacificum cysts, Harmful Algae, 2018, 72:36-45. 
8. Jianan Zhu, Zhiming Yu,* Liyan He, Xihua Cao, Shuya Liu, and Xiuxian Song*. Molecular Mechanism of Modified Clay Controlling the Brown Tide Organism Aureococcus anophagefferens Revealed by Transcriptome Analysis, Environmental Science & Technology,2018, 52: 7006-7014.
9. Lianbao Chi, Xiuxian Song*, Yongquan Yuan, Wentao Wang, Peng Zhou, Xin Fan, Xihua Cao, Zhiming Yu*. Distribution and key influential factors of dissolved oxygen off the Changjiang River Estuary (CRE) and its adjacent waters in China, Marine Pollution bulletin, 2017, 125:440-450.  
10.Peng Zhou, Xiuxian Song*, Yongquan Yuan, Wentai Wang, Xihua Cao, Zhiming Yu*. Intrusion pattern of the Kuroshio Subsurface Water onto the East China Sea continental shelf traced by dissolved inorganic iodine species during the spring and autumn of 2014, Marine Chemistry,2017, 196: 24-34.       
11.Guangyuan Lu, Xiuxian Song*, Zhiming Yu, Xihua Cao, Yongquan Yuan. Application of PAC-modified kaolin to mitigate Prorocentrum donghaiense: effects on cell removal and phosphorus cycling in a laboratory setting, Journal of Applied Phycology, 2017, 29:917–928.  
12.Jing Li, Xiuxian Song*, Yue Zhang, Jun Pan, Zhiming Yu*. An Investigation of the Space Distribution of Ulva Microscopic Propagules and the Ship-based Experiment of Mitigation Using Modified Clay, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2017, 117:247-254. 
13.Jing Li, Lei Sun, Zhiming Yu, Xiuxian Song*. Investigation on the efficiency of a silicone antifouling coating in controlling the adhesion and germination of Ulva prolifera micro-propagules on rafts, SCIENCE CHINA: Earth Science, 2017, 60:391-396.
14.Zhiming Yu*, Xiuxian Song, Xihua Cao, Yang Liu. Mitigation of harmful algal blooms using modified clays: Theory, mechanisms, and applications, Harmful algae, 2017,69:48-64.
15.Guangyuan Lu, Xiuxian Song*, Zhiming Yu, Xihua Cao, Yongquan Yuan. Environmental effects of modified clay flocculation on Alexandrium tamarense and paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins (PSTs), Chemsophere, 2015, 127:188-194.
16.Zhifu Wang,Zhiming Yu*,Xiuxian Song,Xihua Cao,Yue Zhang. Effects of ammonium and nitrate on encystment and growth of Scrippsiella trochoidea,Chinese Science Bulletin,2014, 59(33):4491-4497.
17.WANG Zhifu, YU Zhiming*, SONG Xiuxian*, CAO Xihua, HAN Xiaotian. Effects of modified clay on cysts of Scrippsiella trochoidea for harmful algal bloom control,Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2014, 32(6):1373-1382.
18.LU Guang-yuan, SONG Xiu-xian*, YU Zhi-ming, CAO Xi-hua, YUAN Yong-quan. Effects of flocculation of Prorocentrum micansby modified clay on nitrogen and phosphorus,China Environmental Science,2014, 34(2):492-498. (in Chinese)
19.Mei Fu, Xiuxian Song*, Zhiming Yu, Yun Liu. Responses of phosphate transporter gene and alkaline phosphatase in Thalassiosira pseudonana to phosphine, PLOS ONE, 2013, 8(3):e59770.
20.Yun Liu, Xiuxian Song*, Xihua Cao, Zhiming Yu*. Responses of photosynthetic characters of Skeletonema Costatum to different nutrient conditions, Journal of Plankton Research, 2013, 35(1):165-176.
21.Xiuxian Song, R.J. Morrison, Zhihua Feng, Dongyan Liu, J.J. Harrison, Zhiming Yu*. Matrix-bound phosphine in sediments from Lake Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2011, 62:1744-1750.
22.Zhihua Feng, Xiuxian Song*, Zhiming Yu. Distribution characteristics of matrix-bound phosphine along the coast of China and possible environmental controls,Chemosphere, 20008, 73(4): 519-525.  
23.Zhihua Feng, Xiuxian Song*, Zhiming Yu. Seasonal and spatial distribution of matrix-bound phosphine and its relationship with the environment in the Changjiang River Estuary, China, Marine Pollution Bulletin,2008, 56: 1630-1636.
24.Kedong Yin*, Xiuxian Song,Jun Sun, Madeline C. S. Wu. Potential P limitation leads to excess N in the Pearl River estuarine coastal plume, Continental Shelf Research, 2004, 24:1895-1907. 
25.YU Zhiming*, SONG Xiuxian. Matrix-bound Phosphine: A New Form of Phosphorus Found in Sediment of Jiaozhou Bay, Chinese Science Bulletin, 2003, 48(1): 31-35.
26.张培培,宋秀贤*,李靖,俞志明,改性粘土絮凝法对大西洋鲑(Salmo salar)存活及生理生化的影响初探,海洋与湖沼(专刊),2019,50(3):684-691。
27.宋秀贤,俞志明*,殷克东,钱培元,香港近岸海域营养盐结构特征及其对浮游植物生长的影响,海洋与湖沼,2013,44(4):846-852.
28.宋秀贤,俞志明*,胶州湾东北部养殖海域夏季营养盐分布特征及其对浮游植物生长的影响,海洋与湖沼,2007,38(5):446-452。
29.宋秀贤,俞志明*,高咏卉,一种有效去除赤潮生物的粘土复合体系,应用生态学报,2003,14(7):1165-1168。
30.宋秀贤,俞志明*,孙晓霞,粘土-MMH体系对赤潮生物的絮凝动力学研究,海洋与湖沼,2000,31(4):434-440 。